What Are the 3 Main Fabrication Techniques?

Weldflow Metal Products
When manufacturing products, you can use three main techniques: cutting, bending, and assembling. It’s important to understand these techniques before proceeding with your fabrication. Here’s a quick guide if you’re looking for custom metal fabrication in Mississauga, Toronto, or anywhere else in the GTA. This guide to the three main techniques will help you make an informed decision on your design


Cutting is one of the most common methods of metal fabrication. Cutting usually happens at the beginning of fabrication. When cutting, the metal fabrication company slices raw metal pieces to construct a new product. Cutting uses a variety of tools, including lasers and water jets. There are two main types of cutting:
  • Thermal cutting uses heat to melt the metal.
  • Cold cutting uses a high-pressure stream of water or air to cut through the metal.
Thermal cutting is generally faster and more precise than cold cutting, but it can be expensive. Cold cutting is for larger projects where speed is not as important.


Bending is another common metal fabrication technique, usually happening after cutting the material. Bending can create custom shapes and sizes that wouldn’t be possible with other methods. You can bend metal using presses, brakes, and hammers.


Assembling is the process of joining two or more pieces of metal together. Assembling is generally a time-consuming and expensive technique but is necessary for specific products. Here are some common types of assembling:
  • Welding uses heat to melt the metal.
  • Brazing uses a filler metal to join the two pieces of metal together.
  • Crimping joins the two pieces of metal together with a mechanical force.
  • You can also use screws, nails, and rivets to join two pieces of metal together.
  • Soldering joins the two pieces of metal together with a melted solder.
Welding is generally stronger than brazing, but it can be more difficult to control. Brazing is ideal for joining smaller pieces of metal or metals that are difficult to weld. Soldering is another method of assembling two pieces of metal, but it’s not as strong as welding or brazing. Its primary use is creating electrical connections between two pieces of metal.

Need Assistance in Fabrication Techniques?

If you need assistance on custom metal fabrication in Toronto, Weldflow Metal Products Ltd. can help. Weldflow Metal Products Ltd. has almost 50 years of experience in custom metal fabrication. As one of the leading metal fabricators in Toronto, we can help you choose the suitable method for your product. We’ll make sure we create to your exact specifications. If you’re looking for custom metal fabrication in Mississauga, Toronto, or the GTA, contact Weldflow Metal Products Ltd. today.    
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